Setting the record straight: Biko’s philosophy guided the Soweto uprising

Image: Steve Biko By Andile Mngxitama It has been more than 40 years since the Soweto June 16 uprising, but the question “Which of the three main liberation movements was behind the uprising?” is highly contested. Recently, we saw increasing social- media-driven attempts to credit the PAC as the mastermind of the event.The development follows …

Monetarising resistance

Andile Mngxitama Every five years or so the university system responding to racism throws up a layer of articulate leaders. We saw this with the first generation post apartheid SASCO leaders. Even BCM student leaders like Sipho Maseko monetarised their student leadership credentials into becoming captains of industry. We saw the Rhodes Must Fall/Fees Must …

June 16, Black Power Day – panel discussion

Khotso Seatlholo (left), Tsietsi Mashinini (right) By Andile Mngxitama Tsietsi Mashinini, the chairperson of the Soweto Students’ Representative Council (SSRC), and his deputy Khotso Seatlholo were members of the South African Students’ Movement (SASM). Both the SSRC and SASM were among the 18 Black Consciousness-affiliated organisations banned on 19 October 1977. After the June 16 …