Salutations to the indentured

Photo credit: SA History Online By Yerushka Chetty One hundred and fifty nine (159) years ago the first ship carrying Indians docked at Durban Harbor, in KwaZulu-Natal. Many others followed. They were brought to South Africa (SA) to become indentured slaves. Steve Biko would later classify them as black in terms of black consciousness. 159 …

Never return to tribalism

By Andile Mngxitama Often when I’m asked, ungumni? Or in Setswana we would say o ana eng or in Sepedi o bina eng? Generally I say “ndingum-black” or my totem is BLACK. This is not a refusal of my roots but a political choice of my identity. I’m Black first, before I’m anything else. I’m …

It’s September, Biko Month

By Andile Mngxitama Steve Biko was assassinated on the 12 September 1977. For a whole month I will share a qoutation from Biko and explain its meaning. I shall also deal with some popular distortions. These explanations will be short. We must teach Biko’s ideas diligently to ensure there’s no misunderstanding or misrepresentation. If we …

On contradictions, from Mao to Mngxitama

By BO Staff Writer Five decades ago, when the Maoist wave was at its heights, Mao Zedong’s distinction between “primary” and “secondary” contradictions was the main currency in political conceptualization and discourse. The same principle was clarified by Steve Biko in the 1970’s when he pointedly said that “the main contradiction in South Africa is …